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# The Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

Dienstag, Mai 26, 2020

The amortization of intangibles is the process of expensing the cost of an intangible asset over the projected life of the asset. Kirsten Rohrs Schmitt is an accomplished professional editor, writer, proofreader, and fact-checker. She has expertise in finance, investing, real estate, and world history.

• First, the rate is doubled, because the double declining method is being used.
• He most recently spent two years as the accountant at a commercial roofing company utilizing QuickBooks Desktop to compile financials, job cost, and run payroll.
• He spends most of his time researching and studying to give the best answer to everyone.
• Under the declining balance methods, the asset’s salvage value is used as the minimum book value; the total lifetime depreciation is thus the same as under the other methods.
• DDB is ideal for assets that very rapidly lose their values or quickly become obsolete.

There are many methods of distributing depreciation amount over its useful life. The total amount of depreciation for any asset will be identical in the end no matter which method of depreciation is chosen; only the timing of depreciation will be altered. As a result, companies are not interested in reporting larger depreciation expense in the early years of their assets‘ lives .

## Double-Declining Balance Method of Depreciation

Double declining balance depreciation is an accelerated depreciation calculation in business accounting. At its accelerated rate, it has a rate of depreciation double that of the standard declining method. The following calculator is for depreciation calculation in accounting. It takes the straight line, declining balance, or sum of the year‘ digits method.

• One method is called partial year depreciation, where depreciation is calculated exactly at when assets start service.
• For example, the company ABC buys a machine type of fixed asset that costs \$8,000 to use in the business operation.
• If you file estimated quarterly taxes, you’re required to predict your income each year.
• Because twice the straight-line rate is generally used, this method is often referred to as double-declining balance depreciation.
• Calculate Depreciation RateThe depreciation rate is the percent rate at which an asset depreciates during its estimated useful life.

To learn how to handle these contingencies, please see last sections of our tutorial Beginner’s Guide to Depreciation. Bench gives you a dedicated bookkeeper supported by a team of knowledgeable small business experts. We’re here to take the guesswork out of running your own business—for good.

## How to calculate DDB depreciation

As a hypothetical example, suppose a business purchased a \$30,000 delivery truck, which was expected to last for 10 years. Under the straight-line depreciation method, the company would deduct \$2,700 per year for 10 years–that is, \$30,000 minus \$3,000, divided by 10. Calculate double-declining balance depreciation for the machine above for year 1 to year 4. Likewise, the straight-line rate is the rate converted from the useful life of the fixed asset to a percentage figure.

Under the declining balance method, yearly depreciation is calculated by applying a fixed percentage rate to an asset’s remaining book value at the beginning of each year. Now the double declining balance depreciation rate is calculated by doubling the straight-line rate. While the total expense remains the same over the life of the asset, the expenses are timed differently depending on the depreciation method you choose.

## How to use the double declining depreciation calculator?

As a result, companies opt for the DDB method for assets that are likely to lose most of their value early on, or which will become obsolete more quickly. As the machine has 4 years of useful life, the company ABC can determine the straight-line rate to be 25% per year (1 / 4). With this method, the depreciation is expressed by the total number of units produced vs. the total number of units that the asset can produce.

• When applying the double-declining balance method, the asset’s residual value is not initially subtracted from the asset’s acquisition cost to arrive at a depreciable cost.
• The company ABC estimates that the machine has 4 years of useful life with a salvage value of \$500 at the end of its useful life.
• Remember, in straight line depreciation, salvage value is subtracted from the original cost.
• To calculate depreciation based on a different factor use our Declining Balance Calculator.
• The best way to explain the double-declining method of depreciation is to look at some simple examples.
• Therefore, the „double“ or „200%“ will mean a depreciation rate of 20% per year.

Assume a company purchases a piece of equipment for \$20,000 and this piece of equipment has a useful life of 10 years and asalvage valueof \$1,000. The depreciation rate would be calculated by multiplying the straight-line rate by two. In this case the straight-line rate would be 100 percent divided by the asset useful life or 10 percent. With DDB, a business can record higher depreciation expenses during an asset’s early years compared to using straight line depreciation. It’s one of the many variants of accelerated depreciation that recognize higher depreciation expenses during the early years of the asset.

## What is the formula for double declining balance depreciation?

This type of depreciation method is known as an accelerated depreciation method since it counts more depreciation expenses upfront in the earlier years of an asset’s life. In the double declining balance depreciation method’s case, it recognizes depreciation expense double declining balance method at double the rate of the standard declining balance method. The „double“ means 200% of the straight line rate of depreciation, while the „declining balance“ refers to the asset’s book value or carrying value at the beginning of the accounting period.

### What are the 3 depreciation methods?

• Depreciation accounts for decreases in the value of a company's assets over time.
• The four depreciation methods include straight-line, declining balance, sum-of-the-years' digits, and units of production.

Each person should consult his or her own attorney, business advisor, or tax advisor with respect to matters referenced in this post. Bench assumes no liability for actions taken in reliance upon the information contained herein.

The double declining balance depreciation method is one of the methods of accounting for depreciation. Double declining balance depreciation is an accelerated depreciation method that can depreciate assets that lose value quickly. The double declining balance depreciation rate is twice what straight line depreciation is. For example, if you depreciate your machine using straight line depreciation, your depreciation would remain the same each month.

Now that the rate is calculated, we can actually start depreciating the equipment. The declining method multiplies the book value of the asset by the double declining depreciation rate. The depreciation expense is then recorded in the accumulated depreciation account, which reduces the asset book value.

## Accelerated Depreciation

Because depreciation costs are tax-deductible, you would pay lower income tax in the early years of asset use and higher taxes later on. The best reason to use double declining balance depreciation is when you purchase assets that depreciate faster in the early years. A vehicle is a perfect example of an asset that loses value quickly in the first years of ownership. To get a better grasp of double declining balance, spend a little time experimenting with this double declining balance calculator. It’s a good way to see the formula in action—and understand what kind of impact double declining depreciation might have on your finances.

The double-declining balance depreciation method, also known as the reducing balance method, is one of two common methods a business uses to account for the expense of a long-lived asset. Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double-declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. After this, there will be increasingly smaller depreciation expenses recorded over the later years of the lifespan.

## How to plan double declining balance depreciation

Double Declining BalanceIn declining balance method of depreciation or reducing balance method, assets are depreciated at a higher rate in the initial years than in the subsequent years. A constant depreciation rate is applied to an asset’s book value each year, heading towards accelerated depreciation. In using the declining balance method, https://www.bookstime.com/ a company reports larger depreciation expenses during the earlier years of an asset’s useful life. In this tutorial we discuss the most popular accelerated method called Double-declining balance. In Straight-line depreciation, the depreciable cost remains the same each year, and the same percentage of the cost is depreciated each year.